C# · 12月 30, 2021

C#微信公众平台开发之高级群发接口

涉及access_token的获取请参考《C#微信公众平台开发之access_token的获取存储与更新》

一、为了实现高级群发功能,需要解决的问题

1、通过微信接口上传图文消息素材时,Json中的图片不是url而是media_id,如何通过微信接口上传图片并获取图片的media_id?

2、图片存储在什么地方,如何获取?

二、实现步骤,以根据OpenID列表群发图文消息为例

1、准备数据

我把数据存储在数据库中,imgurl字段是图片在服务器上的相对路径(这里的服务器是自己的服务器,不是微信的哦)。

@H_419_20@

从数据库中获取数据放到DataTable中:

DataTable dt = ImgItemDal.GetImgItemTable(loginUser.OrgID,data);

2、通过微信接口上传图片,返回图片的media_id

取imgurl字段数据,通过MapPath方法获取图片在服务器上的物理地址,用FileStream类读取图片,并上传给微信

HTTP上传文件代码(HttpRequestUtil类):

/// <summary>/// Http上传文件/// </summary>public static string HttpUploadFile(string url,string path){ // 设置参数 HttpWebRequest request = WebRequest.Create(url) as HttpWebRequest; CookieContainer cookieContainer = new CookieContainer(); request.CookieContainer = cookieContainer; request.AllowAutoRedirect = true; request.Method = “POST”; string boundary = DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString(“X”); // 随机分隔线 request.ContentType = “multipart/form-data;charset=utf-8;boundary=” + boundary; byte[] itemBoundaryBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(“\r\n–” + boundary + “\r\n”); byte[] endBoundaryBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(“\r\n–” + boundary + “–\r\n”); int pos = path.LastIndexOf(“\\”); string fileName = path.Substring(pos + 1); //请求头部信息 StringBuilder sbHeader = new StringBuilder(string.Format(“Content-Disposition:form-data;name=\”file\”;filename=\”{0}\”\r\nContent-Type:application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n”,fileName)); byte[] postHeaderBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(sbHeader.ToString()); FileStream fs = new FileStream(path,FileMode.Open,FileAccess.Read); byte[] bArr = new byte[fs.Length]; fs.Read(bArr,bArr.Length); fs.Close(); Stream postStream = request.GetRequestStream(); postStream.Write(itemBoundaryBytes,itemBoundaryBytes.Length); postStream.Write(postHeaderBytes,postHeaderBytes.Length); postStream.Write(bArr,bArr.Length); postStream.Write(endBoundaryBytes,endBoundaryBytes.Length); postStream.Close(); //发送请求并获取相应回应数据 HttpWebResponse response = request.GetResponse() as HttpWebResponse; //直到request.GetResponse()程序才开始向目标网页发送Post请求 Stream instream = response.GetResponseStream(); StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(instream,Encoding.UTF8); //返回结果网页(html)代码 string content = sr.ReadToEnd(); return content;}

请求微信接口,上传图片,返回media_id(WXApi类):

/// <summary>/// 上传媒体返回媒体ID/// </summary>public static string UploadMedia(string access_token,string type,string path){ // 设置参数 string url = string.Format(“http://file.api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/media/upload?access_token={0}&type={1}”,access_token,type); return HttpRequestUtil.HttpUploadFile(url,path);}string msg = WXApi.UploadMedia(access_token,”image”,path); // 上图片返回媒体IDstring media_id = Tools.GetJsonValue(msg,”media_id”);

传入的path(aspx.cs文件中的代码):

string path = MapPath(data);

一个图文消息由若干条图文组成,每条图文有标题、内容、链接、图片等

遍历每条图文数据,分别请求微信接口,上传图片,获取media_id

3、上传图文消息素材

拼接图文消息素材Json字符串(ImgItemDal类(操作图文消息表的类)):

/// <summary>/// 拼接图文消息素材Json字符串/// </summary>public static string GetArticlesJsonStr(PageBase page,string access_token,DataTable dt){ StringBuilder sbArticlesJson = new StringBuilder(); sbArticlesJson.Append(“{\”articles\”:[“); int i = 0; foreach (DaTarow dr in dt.Rows) { string path = page.MapPath(dr[“imgurl”].ToString()); if (!File.Exists(path)) { return “{\”code\”:0,\”msg\”:\”要发送的图片不存在\”}”; } string msg = WXApi.UploadMedia(access_token,path); // 上图片返回媒体ID string media_id = Tools.GetJsonValue(msg,”media_id”); sbArticlesJson.Append(“{“); sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”thumb_media_id\”:\”” + media_id + “\”,”); sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”author\”:\”” + dr[“Author”].ToString() + “\”,”); sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”title\”:\”” + dr[“Title”].ToString() + “\”,”); sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”content_source_url\”:\”” + dr[“TextUrl”].ToString() + “\”,”); sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”content\”:\”” + dr[“Content”].ToString() + “\”,”); sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”digest\”:\”” + dr[“Content”].ToString() + “\”,”); if (i == dt.Rows.Count – 1) { sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”show_cover_pic\”:\”1\”}”); } else { sbArticlesJson.Append(“\”show_cover_pic\”:\”1\”},”); } i++; } sbArticlesJson.Append(“]}”); return sbArticlesJson.ToString();}

上传图文消息素材,获取图文消息的media_id:

/// <summary>/// 请求Url,发送数据/// </summary>public static string PostUrl(string url,string postData){ byte[] data = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(postData); // 设置参数 HttpWebRequest request = WebRequest.Create(url) as HttpWebRequest; CookieContainer cookieContainer = new CookieContainer(); request.CookieContainer = cookieContainer; request.AllowAutoRedirect = true; request.Method = “POST”; request.ContentType = “application/x-www-form-urlencoded”; request.ContentLength = data.Length; Stream outstream = request.GetRequestStream(); outstream.Write(data,data.Length); outstream.Close(); //发送请求并获取相应回应数据 HttpWebResponse response = request.GetResponse() as HttpWebResponse; //直到request.GetResponse()程序才开始向目标网页发送Post请求 Stream instream = response.GetResponseStream(); StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(instream,Encoding.UTF8); //返回结果网页(html)代码 string content = sr.ReadToEnd(); return content;}/// <summary>/// 上传图文消息素材返回media_id/// </summary>public static string UploadNews(string access_token,string postData){ return HttpRequestUtil.PostUrl(string.Format(“https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/media/uploadnews?access_token={0}”,access_token),postData);}string articlesJson = ImgItemDal.GetArticlesJsonStr(this,dt);string newsMsg = WXApi.UploadNews(access_token,articlesJson);string newsid = Tools.GetJsonValue(newsMsg,”media_id”);

4、群发图文消息

获取全部关注者OpenID集合(WXApi类):

/// <summary>/// 获取关注者OpenID集合/// </summary>public static List<string> GetOpenIDs(string access_token){ List<string> result = new List<string>(); List<string> openidList = GetOpenIDs(access_token,null); result.AddRange(openidList); while (openidList.Count > 0) { openidList = GetOpenIDs(access_token,openidList[openidList.Count – 1]); result.AddRange(openidList); } return result;}/// <summary>/// 获取关注者OpenID集合/// </summary>public static List<string> GetOpenIDs(string access_token,string next_openid){ // 设置参数 string url = string.Format(“https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/user/get?access_token={0}&next_openid={1}”,string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(next_openid) ? “” : next_openid); string returnStr = HttpRequestUtil.RequestUrl(url); int count = int.Parse(Tools.GetJsonValue(returnStr,”count”)); if (count > 0) { string startFlg = “\”openid\”:[“; int start = returnStr.IndexOf(startFlg) + startFlg.Length; int end = returnStr.IndexOf(“]”,start); string openids = returnStr.Substring(start,end – start).Replace(“\””,””); return openids.Split(‘,’).ToList<string>(); } else { return new List<string>(); }}

List<string> openidList = WXApi.GetOpenIDs(access_token); //获取关注者OpenID列表
拼接图文消息Json(WXMsgUtil类):

/// <summary>/// 图文消息json/// </summary>public static string CreateNewsJson(string media_id,List<string> openidList){ StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); sb.Append(“{\”touser\”:[“); sb.Append(string.Join(“,”,openidList.ConvertAll<string>(a => “\”” + a + “\””).ToArray())); sb.Append(“],”); sb.Append(“\”msgtype\”:\”mpnews\”,”); sb.Append(“\”mpnews\”:{\”media_id\”:\”” + media_id + “\”}”); sb.Append(“}”); return sb.ToString();}

群发代码:

resultMsg = WXApi.Send(access_token,WXMsgUtil.CreateNewsJson(newsid,openidList));/// <summary>/// 根据OpenID列表群发/// </summary>public static string Send(string access_token,string postData){ return HttpRequestUtil.PostUrl(string.Format(“https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/mass/send?access_token={0}”,postData);}

供群发按钮调用的方法(data是传到页面的id,根据它从数据库中取数据):

/// <summary>/// 群发/// </summary>public string Send(){ string type = Request[“type”]; string data = Request[“data”]; string access_token = AdminUtil.GetAccessToken(this); //获取access_token List<string> openidList = WXApi.GetOpenIDs(access_token); //获取关注者OpenID列表 UserInfo loginUser = AdminUtil.GetLoginUser(this); //当前登录用户 string resultMsg = null; //发送文本 if (type == “1”) { resultMsg = WXApi.Send(access_token,WXMsgUtil.CreateTextJson(data,openidList)); } //发送图片 if (type == “2”) { string path = MapPath(data); if (!File.Exists(path)) { return “{\”code\”:0,path); string media_id = Tools.GetJsonValue(msg,”media_id”); resultMsg = WXApi.Send(access_token,WXMsgUtil.CreateImageJson(media_id,openidList)); } //发送图文消息 if (type == “3”) { DataTable dt = ImgItemDal.GetImgItemTable(loginUser.OrgID,data); string articlesJson = ImgItemDal.GetArticlesJsonStr(this,dt); string newsMsg = WXApi.UploadNews(access_token,articlesJson); string newsid = Tools.GetJsonValue(newsMsg,openidList)); } //结果处理 if (!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(resultMsg)) { string errcode = Tools.GetJsonValue(resultMsg,”errcode”); string errmsg = Tools.GetJsonValue(resultMsg,”errmsg”); if (errcode == “0”) { return “{\”code\”:1,\”msg\”:\”\”}”; } else { return “{\”code\”:0,\”msg\”:\”errcode:” + errcode + “,errmsg:” + errmsg + “\”}”; } } else { return “{\”code\”:0,\”msg\”:\”type参数错误\”}”; }}

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